EMDR is a comprehensive and integrated psychotherapy approach used effectively in the treatment of trauma. EMDR consists of an eight phase model which maintains that ones past experiences have contributed to one’s existing pathology. Moreover, EMDR seeks to identify the current situations which may trigger dysfunctional emotions, beliefs or sensations. Finally EMDR aims to develop future adaptive behaviour and mental health.

The procedure which EMDR utilizes is “bilateral stimulation” either through bilateral eye movements, tones or taps. Clients thus reprocess their traumatic past events, present triggers and desired adaptive future experienced by focusing on a set of external stimuli. Through this bilateral stimulation clients report having new insights, changes in memory or new adaptive associations regarding their trauma. After EMDR processing, clients report that the emotional distress that was associated to the traumatic memory has lessened or even dissipated completely. Moreover, clients report that they have gained important cognitive insights regarding the trauma that they never had before. Of significance is that these cognitive and emotional changes normally result in long term personal and behavioral changes for the client.